Yesterday, I successfully installed Xfce, a lightweight desktop environment, on my FreeBSD computer (a Lenovo ThinkPad X270). I couldn’t haven done it without the generous help of The FreeBSD Forums. Now my FreeBSD computer looks like any other modern desktop (such as Mac or Windows).
In this forum post, I received help on how to set up Xfce. I followed the forum’s instructions, and everything worked out perfectly.
Below are instructions one can follow to set up Xfce. Note that these instructions apply to computers with integrated Intel graphics, so check with The FreeBSD Forums or someone before trying these instructions yourself. These instructions are mainly for myself, so I can set up Xfce again in the future–if need be–but anyone can follow them.
Enter the superuser/root account by entering % su and the password for the root account. Note that the command prompt on the shell (%, $, #, etc.) is dependent on what user is currently logged in. Therefore, the % should not actually be typed out. Once in the root account, the command prompt will be #.
Follow 4.4.1. Getting Started with pkg in the FreeBSD Handbook to bootstrap the system by running the following command: # /usr/sbin/pkg
Then enter # pkg install drm-kmod
Enter the easy editor to edit the file /etc/rc.conf by entering the following command: # ee /etc/rc.conf
Once in the easy editor, on a new line, enter the following: kld_list=”/boot/modules/i915kms.ko”
Make sure to hit Enter so the file starts on a new line after saving.
Save and exit the easy editor by pushing Esc and following the prompts to save and exit. The KMS driver should now be set up.
Now install Xorg by following 5.3 Installing Xorg in the Handbook. Enter # pkg install xorg
Because the KMS driver was set up, one can skip ahead in the Handbook to 5.7.3. Xfce. To install the Xfce package, enter # pkg install xfce.
Enter the easy editor again to edit /etc/rc.conf by entering the following: # ee /etc/rc.conf
On a new line, enter dbus_enable=”YES”
After entering the above, hit Enter so the file starts on a new line. Then hit Esc and follow the prompts to save and exit.
Start the /etc/rc.conf lines by entering # service dbus start
Next, enter # kldload /boot/modules/i915kms.ko
Simply rebooting would also achieve steps 13 and 14.
If one didn’t reboot, enter # exit to leave the superuser account.
If everything worked, one should see the Xfce desktop after running % startx as a regular account.
Thanks to the users k.jacker and Beastie of The FreeBSD Forums for the instructions.
Today, I installed FreeBSD, an advanced Unix-like operating system, for the first time. This endeavor had been a long time in the making, and I am very grateful for the FreeBSD Forums for helping. I would’ve been stuck without them!
I have wanted to use FreeBSD basically all my life. I didn’t really seriously consider using it, however, until December 2018. I did some research and posted on their Forums and, in February 2019, I purchased a Lenovo ThinkPad X270 from Amazon because of its reputed compatibility with FreeBSD. I put the install on hold for a while, since I was in school. Then, in May, I tried installing it again, but I wasn’t able to get it to work. Last week, I put Ubuntu on the computer instead because I basically thought I would never be able to get FreeBSD to work. That all changed today…
The problem was SecureBoot was enabled in the computer’s BIOS, so I went into BIOS and disabled SecureBoot. I created the USB drive with Rufus and followed Ubuntu’s instructions for creating a USB stick on Windows. The only thing I could’ve done better was, after the installation finished, removing the USB drive after rebooting the computer.
Nonetheless, I am very happy I made it this far. Currently, it only works as this command-line interface, so my next plan is to put a desktop environment (DE) on it so it looks like a modern computer. This may take some time and work, though!
After what at least seems like a long break from home and from Linux, I am now (as of yesterday evening) back at my parents’ house in Chanhassen, Minnesota, and using Ubuntu Linux.
This afternoon, at 4:00 p.m., I took a 45-minute walk around my neighborhood. Today also marked the first time I experimented with aperture priority (Av) mode on my Canon EOS R mirrorless camera and kit lens (24-105mm). I have a feeling I will be spending most of my time in aperture priority mode with the Canon EOS R — just as I have with my previous Nikon DSLRs.
Additionally, I have decided to stay with Ubuntu. My previous statement about it being a beginner Linux distro was perhaps naive. Ubuntu is one of the main Linux distros today, and it’s user-friendliness is a positive, not a negative. I also tried installing FreeBSD on another computer this morning. Unfortunately, I wasn’t even able to get to the FreeBSD Boot Menu, so this might take some work.
I have been using a Windows laptop since March of 2019, since I had to move out of my parents’ house and into a dorm at the University of Minnesota. Later this year, I plan to buy another laptop and run a different Linux distribution. Ubuntu was easy to install and use, but I didn’t realize it was the Linux distribution often recommended to beginners. Therefore, I am going to try to find a different distribution that is more advanced. I have already researched how to install FreeBSD — another free and open-source Unix-like operating system — and I hope to use FreeBSD and other operating systems in the future as well.
I noticed these trees blooming on campus at the University of Minnesota last week and wanted to photograph one by Walter Library. Since March of 2019, I have been living in a dorm on the St. Paul campus of the University of Minnesota.
Although it felt like spring had finally arrived in Minnesota, it now seems like winter is back. A snowstorm moved in today, and it is forecasted to bring 8 to 14 inches of snow to the Twin Cities metro area by Friday, April 12. I took this photo on the St. Paul campus of the University of Minnesota.